The Coelacanth http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth <p>The Coelacanth, the journal of the Border Historical Society, has been published since 1963. The Society continues the publication of The Coelacanth, primarily to publish articles on the history of East London (South Africa) and surrounding districts.</p> Border Historical Society en-US The Coelacanth 0530-0231 Overview http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth/article/view/2397 <p>Overview of issue, containing:</p> <ol> <li>Introduction</li> <li>Border Historical Society Committee: 20/21</li> <li>Editorial Committee</li> <li>Monthly Meetings</li> <li>Contact Detials</li> <li>Subscription Rates</li> <li>Chairman's Report for 2020 - 2021</li> </ol> William Martinson Copyright (c) 2021 The Coelacanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 56 May 1 9 Jeremiah Goldswain http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth/article/view/2398 <p>The first Chronicle of Jeremiah Goldswain was published in 1946 by The Van Riebeeck Society. Una Long must be given full credit as a field worker in Historical Research at Rhodes University College, (as it was known in 1946), Grahamstown. She acknowledges many people in her first chapter, including The Van Riebeeck Society which gave her a copy of the Chronicle. The Society only became custodians in 1944, and yet Una Long had completed the editing of Volume 1 (1819-1836) which was published in 1946. She put in a massive effort to change as little as possible, except to punctuate, break up sentences, and to use capital letters where needed, in order to make the Chronicle readable. What is fascinating to me, is that only because she reads Sir G.E. Cory’s “The Rise of South Africa”, does she realise how much he quotes from the Chronicle, but where is it? Dr Cory’s son informs her that the Chronicle is owned by C.T Goldswain, which in fact is not true. My grandfather, Clement Tyson did get a copy of the 52 foolscap pages from Mrs Austen (round 1944) who bequeathed the Chronicle to Govt Archives, who then passed the 52 pages to Cape Archives. I cannot trace Mrs Austen who was a grand-daughter of Jeremiah, as Clement was a grandson. Clement had a copy which he re-wrote in his own English, but this was declared inappropriate by Una Long. Volume 2 of the Chronicle (1838-1858) was published in 1949, in which Jeremiah used words and sentences from Robert Godlonton in his narrative of “The Irruption of the Kafir Hordes 1834/5”.</p> Martin Goldswain Copyright (c) 2021 The Coelacanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 56 May 10 17 John Bailie http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth/article/view/2399 <p>Captain John Bailie arrived at the Buffalo Mouth with a military wagon-train for transporting the Knysna’s cargo to King William’s Town a few days before the Knysna’s arrival. While awaiting its arrival, Bailie mounted the promontory east of the Buffalo mouth, known as Signal Hill and planted a Union Jack on its summit, thereby claiming the port for Great Britain.” The man credited with planting the Union Jack on Signal Hill, thus becoming the founder of East London in November 1836, was recognised by the city fathers a century later with an impressive memorial on that site.</p> Patrick Hutchison Copyright (c) 2021 The Coelacanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 56 May 18 45 The Stone of Memory http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth/article/view/2400 <p>The Buffalo River mouth, around which the town of East London was established in 1848, was far removed from the land allocated to the 1820 Settlers in the Lower Albany district. Nevertheless, a small scale memorial related to the mass settlement scheme was installed in East London, on Settlers’ Way on the West Bank. Known as ‘The Stone of Memory’ it is now situated on the southeast corner of Union Ave and Botha Road in Selborne, in close proximity to Clarendon High School for Girls, The Guild Theatre and Selborne College. A history and description of The Stone of Memory is set out below.</p> William Martinson Copyright (c) 2021 The Coelacanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 56 May 46 56 William Cock http://journal.ru.ac.za/index.php/Coelacanth/article/view/2401 <p>The answer to this question lies in whether the reader believes that the present social order in South Africa is just and sustainable, and how the colonialism contributed to that order. The question that follows is whether the 1820 settlers warrant our contempt or admiration? An honest answer involves discarding the conventional view of them as a homogenous social category. Instead, we need to recognize that they included very different people, some of whom brought indentured servants with them, some were professional people, but the majority of the settlers were the victims of a heartless colonial project.</p> Jacklyn Cock Copyright (c) 2021 The Coelacanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 56 May 57 92