From Paul to Penny: the emergence and development of Tsonga disco 1985-1990s

  • Ignatia Madalane University of South Africa (UNISA)


In this article I trace the emergence of Tsonga disco, a Tsonga music subgenre which, at its emergence, could be differentiated from the other mentioned township styles such as township soul/jive only by its progenitor, Paul Ndlovu, who was Tsonga and his of predominantly Tsonga lyrics. Further, I discuss the musical techniques employed by producer Peter Moticoce who produced Paul Ndlovu’s music and the techniques used by singer, songwriter and producer Joe Shirimani. It is important to point out here that Shirimani not only produces his own music, but he also writes and produces music for other artists such as of singer and songwriter Eric Nkovane, who is known by his stage name Penny Penny.


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How to Cite
Madalane, I. “From Paul to Penny: The Emergence and Development of Tsonga Disco 1985-1990s”. African Music: Journal of the International Library of African Music, Vol. 10, no. 1, Nov. 2015, pp. 150-79, doi: