Music Performance on 19th-Century Sukuma-Nyamwezi Caravans to the Swahili Coast

  • Frank Gunderson Assistant Professor of Ethnomusicology, Florida State University


This article examines the utility and significance of music performed on 19th- century caravans journeying between the inland East African Sukuma-Nyamwezi and interlacustrine regions, and the Swahili coast. This research will show that through music and “soundscape production”, Sukuma-Nymawezi porters or bapagati maintained their identity and dignity albeit intermittently, in spite of the rigors sustained on the long march.


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How to Cite
Gunderson, F. “Music Performance on 19th-Century Sukuma-Nyamwezi Caravans to the Swahili Coast”. African Music: Journal of the International Library of African Music, Vol. 8, no. 2, Nov. 2008, pp. 6-25, doi: