The Begu Zulu vertical flute

A.J.F. Veenstra

Abstract


In assessing the steps in the evolution in the construction of the vertical flute, the most important transition is from the flute with no whistle-head system, through the rudimentary whistle-head stage, to the whistle-head proper as manifest in the recorder and penny-whistle.

Keywords


Musica instruments -- Africa ; Musical instruments -- South Africa ; Zulu (African people) -- Music ; Musical instruments -- Construction -- South Africa ; Flute

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References


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Kirby, P.R. (1934) The Musical Instruments of the Native Races of South Africa. Oxford Press (1934). Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, 1953.

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Sachs, Curt Pratt, C. Carrol. (1957) The Liberal Arts Press, New York

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Zuckerkandl, Victor (1956) Sound and Symbol. Translated from the German by W.R. Trask. Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd., London.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21504/amj.v2i1.527

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