Problems of pitch, pattern and harmony in the ocarina music of the Venda

  • John Blacking University of the Witwatersrand
Keywords: Ocarina music -- South Africa, Venda (African people) -- Music, Musical instruments -- Africa, Musical pitch, Harmony, Melody -- Africa


This paper aims both to describe some features of Venda ocarina music and to relate these findings to a problem of method in ethno-musicology.
How to Cite
Blacking, J. “Problems of Pitch, Pattern and Harmony in the Ocarina Music of the Venda”. African Music: Journal of the International Library of African Music, Vol. 2, no. 2, Nov. 1959, pp. 15-23, doi: