Colombian Caribbean region, Ground bow, Women, Intangible cultural heritage, Trans-Atlantic, Carángano


This article describes the results of an ethnomusicological study on the carángano, a ground bow instrument played only by women in the small villages of the Colombia Caribbean region. Before the introduction of electricity, the inhabitants contemplated the full moon as the women played, danced and laughed to the sound of this instrument. This instrument is now almost extinct. In this article, the social function, organological structure and repertoire of this instrument are analysed. The relationship between the carángano and other ground bows such as the tingo-talango or the dumbu-kalinga and sekituleghe on the American and African continents is discussed. These musical practices require urgent attention since they harbour musical and identification values belonging to the Colombian Caribbean region while sharing cultural aspects which connect Africans and African descendants across vast distances.

Author Biography

Andrea Trujillo, Reformed University, Barranquilla, Colombia

Andrea Trujillo is the Director of the Music Department of the Reformed University in Barranquilla, Colombia. She holds a Master’s Degree in music research from the Rioja International University. She is dedicated to studying musical practices of the Colombian Caribbean region that are in danger of extinction. She is a violinist and manager of the “Music Among Friends†project of the Reformed University Chamber Orchestra.


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Carángano played by Arminda Pérez. Photograph by Juan Djanon




How to Cite

Trujillo, Andrea. 2019. “CARÁNGANO AND WOMEN: STORY OF AN INSTRUMENT THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION”. African Music : Journal of the International Library of African Music 11 (1):5-28.