CHIMURENGA RENAISSANCE: DOUBLE DOUBLENESS IN THE DIASPORIC MUSIC OF TENDAI MARAIRE
Keywords:African diaspora, Black Atlantic
Over the past decade, emerging Seattle-based artist Tendai Maraire, the American-born son of Zimbabwean teacher, performer, and ethnomusicologist, Dumisani Maraire, has crafted a unique musical position by marshaling multiple diasporic strands in his music. These include both the centuries-old African-American diaspora that took shape through the â€œBlack Atlantic,â€ as well as an emerging diaspora that is specifically Zimbabwean in nature. In this article, it is argued that the layering of these distinct diasporic histories has fostered a type of â€œdoubled doublenessâ€ in Tendai Maraireâ€™s music, extending DuBoisâ€™ original conception of â€œdouble consciousnessâ€ to encompass multiple sites of identity location: the American superculture, the Shona culture of his parents, the old African diaspora, and the new Zimbabwean diaspora. It is further argued that Maraire has articulated this â€œdoubled doublenessâ€ musically through his relationships to musical styles associated with both old and new African diasporas, most notably North American hip-hop and Zimbabwean chimurenga, a genre that has historically functioned as a form of resistance to colonial rule.
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Interviews by author:
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Maraire, Tendai. Seattle, Washington, 7 July 2013.
Munjeri, Patience Chaitezvi. Rochester, New York, 17 October 2013.
Seretse, Sheree. Rochester, New York (via Skype), 15 March, 2014.